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Showing posts with label Pilate. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pilate. Show all posts

Sunday, April 9, 2017

A Homily – Matthew 26:14 - 27:66 ©

The Gospel According to Matthew – 2017.04.09


The Passion

The Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ according to Matthew

Key: N. Narrator. Jesus. O. Other single speaker. C. Crowd, or more than one speaker.

  N. One of the Twelve, the man called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said,

  O. What are you prepared to give me if I hand him over to you?

  N. They paid him thirty silver pieces, and from that moment he looked for an opportunity to betray him.
  Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus to say,

  C. Where do you want us to make the preparations for you to eat the passover?

  N. He replied:

   Go to so-and-so in the city and say to him, ‘The Master says: My time is near. It is at your house that I am keeping Passover with my disciples.’

  N. The disciples did what Jesus told them and prepared the Passover.
  When evening came he was at table with the twelve disciples. And while they were eating he said:

   I tell you solemnly, one of you is about to betray me.

  N. They were greatly distressed and started asking him in turn,

  C. Not I, Lord, surely?

  N. He answered,

   Someone who has dipped his hand into the dish with me will betray me. The Son of Man is going to his fate, as the scriptures say he will, but alas for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! Better for that man if he had never been born!

  N. Judas, who was to betray him, asked in his turn,

  O. Not I, Rabbi, surely?

  N. Jesus answered:

   They are your own words.

  N. Now as they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and when he had said the blessing he broke it and gave it to the disciples and said:

   Take it and eat; this is my body.

  N. Then he took a cup, and when he had returned thanks he gave it to them, saying:

   Drink, all of you, from this, for this is my blood, the blood of the covenant, which is to be poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. From now on, I tell you, I shall not drink wine until the day I drink the new wine with you in the kingdom of my Father.

  N. After psalms had been sung they left for the Mount of Olives. Then Jesus said to them,

   You will all lose faith in me this night, for the scripture says: I shall strike the shepherd and the sheep of the flock will be scattered, but after my resurrection I shall go before you to Galilee.

  N. At this, Peter said,

  O. Though all lose faith in you, I will never lose faith.

  N. Jesus answered him,

   I tell you solemnly, this very night, before the cock crows, you will have disowned me three times.

  N. Peter said to him,

  O. Even if I have to die with you, I will never disown you.

  N. And all the disciples said the same.
  Then Jesus came with them to a small estate called Gethsemane; and he said to his disciples,

   Stay here while I go over there to pray.

  N. He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee with him. And sadness came over him, and great distress. Then he said to them,

   My soul is sorrowful to the point of death. Wait here and keep awake with me.

  N. And going on a little further he fell on his face and prayed:

   My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass me by. Nevertheless, let it be as you, not I, would have it.

  N. He came back to the disciples and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter:

   So you had not the strength to keep awake with me one hour? You should be awake, and praying not to be put to the test. The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.

  N. Again, a second time, he went away and prayed:

   My Father, if this cup cannot pass by without my drinking it, your will be done!

  N. And he came back again and found them sleeping, their eyes were so heavy. Leaving them there, he went away again and prayed for the third time, repeating the same words. Then he came back to the disciples and said to them,

   You can sleep on now and take your rest. Now the hour has come when the Son of Man is to be betrayed into the hands of sinners. Get up! Let us go! My betrayer is already close at hand.

  N. He was still speaking when Judas, one of the Twelve, appeared, and with him a large number of men armed with swords and clubs, sent by the chief priests and elders of the people. Now the traitor had arranged a sign with them. He had said,

  O. ‘The one I kiss, he is the man. Take him in charge.’

  N. So he went straight up to Jesus and said,

  O. Greetings, Rabbi.

  N. and kissed him. Jesus said to him,

   My friend, do what you are here for.

  N. Then they came forward, seized Jesus and took him in charge. At that, one of the followers of Jesus grasped his sword and drew it; he struck out at the high priest’s servant, and cut off his ear. Jesus then said,

   Put your sword back, for all who draw the sword will die by the sword. Or do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father who would promptly send more than twelve legions of angels to my defence? But then, how would the scriptures be fulfilled that say this is the way it must be?

  N. It was at this time that Jesus said to the crowds,

   Am I a brigand, that you had to set out to capture me with swords and clubs? I sat teaching in the Temple day after day and you never laid hands on me.

  N. Now all this happened to fulfil the prophecies in scripture. Then all the disciples deserted him and ran away.
  The men who had arrested Jesus led him off to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. Peter followed him at a distance, and when he reached the high priest’s palace, he went in and sat down with the attendants to see what the end would be.
  The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for evidence against Jesus, however false, on which they might pass the death sentence. But they could not find any, though several lying witnesses came forward. Eventually two stepped forward and made a statement,

  O. This man said: ‘I have power to destroy the Temple of God and in three days build it up.’

  N. The high priest then stood up and said to him,

  O. Have you no answer to that? What is this evidence these men are bringing against you?

  N. But Jesus was silent. And the high priest said to him,

  O. I put you on oath by the living God to tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.

  N. Jesus answered:

   The words are your own. Moreover, I tell you that from this time onward you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of the Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.

  N. At this, the high priest tore his clothes and said,

  O. He has blasphemed. What need of witnesses have we now? There! You have just heard the blasphemy. What is your opinion?

  N. They answered,

  C. He deserves to die.

  N. Then they spat in his face and hit him with their fists; others said as they struck him,

  C. Play the prophet, Christ! Who hit you then?

  N. Meanwhile Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, and a servant-girl came up to him and said,

  O. You too were with Jesus the Galilean.

  N. But he denied it in front of them all, saying:

  O. I do not know what you are talking about.

  N. When he went out to the gateway another servant-girl saw him and said to the people there,

  O. This man was with Jesus the Nazarene.

  N. And again, with an oath, he denied it:

  O. I do not know the man.

  N. A little later the bystanders came up and said to Peter,

  C. You are one of them for sure! Why, your accent gives you away.
  Then he started calling down curses on himself and swearing:

  O. I do not know the man.

  N. At that moment the cock crew, and Peter remembered what Jesus had said, ‘Before the cock crows you will have disowned me three times.’ And he went outside and wept bitterly.
  When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people met in council to bring about the death of Jesus. They had him bound, and led him away to hand him over to Pilate, the governor.
  When he found that Jesus had been condemned, Judas his betrayer was filled with remorse and took the thirty silver pieces back to the chief priests and elders, saying:

  O. I have sinned. I have betrayed innocent blood.

  N. They replied:

  C. What is that to us? That is your concern.

  N. And flinging down the silver pieces in the sanctuary he made off and hanged himself. The chief priests picked up the silver pieces and said,

  C. It is against the Law to put this into the treasury: it is blood-money.

  N. So they discussed the matter and bought the potter’s field with it as a graveyard for foreigners, and this is why the field is called the Field of Blood today. The words of the prophet Jeremiah were then fulfilled: And they took the thirty silver pieces, the sum at which the precious One was priced by children of Israel, and they gave them for the potter’s field, just as the Lord directed me.
  Jesus, then, was brought before the governor, and the governor put to him this question:

  O. Are you the king of the Jews?

  N. Jesus replied,

   It is you who say it.

  N. But when he was accused by the chief priests and the elders he refused to answer at all. Pilate then said to him,

  O. Do you not hear how many charges they have brought against you?

  N. But to the governor’s complete amazement, he offered no reply to any of the charges.
  At festival time it was the governor’s practice to release a prisoner for the people, anyone they chose. Now there was at that time a notorious prisoner whose name was Barabbas. So when the crowd gathered, Pilate said to them,

  O. Which do you want me to release for you: Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?

  N. For Pilate knew it was out of jealousy that they had handed him over. Now as he was seated in the chair of judgement, his wife sent him a message,

  O. Have nothing to do with that man; I have been upset all day by a dream I had about him.

  N. The chief priests and the elders, however, had persuaded the crowd to demand the release of Barabbas and the execution of Jesus. So when the governor spoke and asked them,

  O. Which of the two do you want me to release for you?

  N. they said,

  C. Barabbas.

  N. Pilate said to them:

  O. But in that case, what am I to do with Jesus who is called Christ?

  N. They all said:

  C. Let him be crucified!

  N. Pilate asked:

  O. Why? What harm has he done?

  N. But they shouted all the louder,

  C. Let him be crucified!

  N. Then Pilate saw that he was making no impression, that in fact a riot was imminent. So he took some water, washed his hands in front of the crowd and said,

  O. I am innocent of this man’s blood. It is your concern.

  N. And the people, to a man, shouted back,

  C. His blood be on us and on our children!

  N. Then he released Barabbas for them. He ordered Jesus to be first scourged and then handed over to be crucified.
  The governor’s soldiers took Jesus with them into the Praetorium and collected the whole cohort round him. Then they stripped him and made him wear a scarlet cloak, and having twisted some thorns into a crown they put this on his head and placed a reed in his right hand. To make fun of him they knelt to him saying,

  C. Hail, king of the Jews!

  N. And they spat on him and took the reed and struck him on the head with it. And when they had finished making fun of him, they took off the cloak and dressed him in his own clothes and led him away to crucify him.
  On their way out, they came across a man from Cyrene, Simon by name, and enlisted him to carry his cross. When they had reached a place called Golgotha, that is, the place of the skull, they gave him wine to drink mixed with gall, which he tasted but refused to drink. When they had finished crucifying him they shared out his clothing by casting lots, and then sat down and stayed there keeping guard over him.
  Above his head was placed the charge against him; it read: ‘This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.’ At the same time two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left.
  The passers-by jeered at him; they shook their heads and said,

  C. So you would destroy the Temple and rebuild it in three days! Then save yourself! If you are God’s son, come down from the cross!

  N. The chief priests with the scribes and elders mocked him in the same way, saying:

  C. He saved others; he cannot save himself. He is the king of Israel; let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him. He puts his trust in God; now let God rescue him if he wants him. For he did say, ‘I am the son of God.’

  N. Even the robbers who were crucified with him taunted him in the same way.
  From the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice,

   Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?

  N. That is, ‘My God, my God, why have you deserted me?’ When some of those who stood there heard this, they said,

  C. The man is calling on Elijah.

  N. and one of them quickly ran to get a sponge which he dipped in vinegar and, putting it on a reed, gave it him to drink. The rest of them said:

  C. Wait! See if Elijah will come to save him.

  N. But Jesus, again crying out in a loud voice, yielded up his spirit.
  Here all kneel and pause for a short time.
  At that, the veil of the Temple was torn in two from top to bottom; the earth quaked; the rocks were split; the tombs opened and the bodies of many holy men rose from the dead, and these, after his resurrection, came out of the tombs, entered the Holy City and appeared to a number of people. Meanwhile the centurion, together with the others guarding Jesus, had seen the earthquake and all that was taking place, and they were terrified and said,

  C. In truth this was a son of God.

  N. And many women were there, watching from a distance, the same women who had followed Jesus from Galilee and looked after him. Among them were Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons.
  When it was evening, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, called Joseph, who had himself become a disciple of Jesus. This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate thereupon ordered it to be handed over. So Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean shroud and put it in his own new tomb which he had hewn out of the rock. He then rolled a large stone across the entrance of the tomb and went away. Now Mary of Magdala and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the sepulchre.
  Next day, that is, when Preparation Day was over, the chief priests and the Pharisees went in a body to Pilate and said to him,

  C. Your Excellency, we recall that this impostor said, while he was still alive, ‘After three days I shall rise again.’ Therefore give the order to have the sepulchre kept secure until the third day, for fear his disciples come and steal him away and tell the people, ‘He has risen from the dead.’ This last piece of fraud would be worse than what went before.

  N. Pilate said to them:

  O. You may have your guard. Go and make all as secure as you know how.

  N. So they went and made the sepulchre secure, putting seals on the stone and mounting a guard.


Propaganda

Jesus lived and died, and death was not the end of him (if you believe it).

This is the central message of the Christian faith, even a man who was executed as a blasphemer, and a criminal, could receive resurrected to the afterlife, a world of hope, and comfort and joy.

This faith is a blessing to the poor, to the marginalized, to the outcast. The faith instructs them that they are known, and loved by God, the creator of the universe, that they will be cared for in the world to come.

Every other element of this story should be stripped away. It is all propaganda.

The core of this narrative may be true, but the everything that drapes from it is embellishment. Jesus did not die in fulfillment of prophecy. Jesus, and the rest of the prophets were not miracle workers and fortune tellers. They were human beings, who died as human beings, at the hands of human beings, for ordinary human purposes; fear and the desire to retain power.



Palm Sunday

Sunday, March 20, 2016

A Homily – The Gospel of Luke 22:14-23:56 ©

The Gospel of the Day – 2016.03.20 (Palm Sunday)

The Last Supper - Arrest, Trial and Crucifixion

When the hour came, he took his place at table with the apostles.
He said to them, "I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover 5 with you before I suffer, for, I tell you, I shall not eat it (again) until there is fulfillment in the kingdom of God."

Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and said, "Take this and share it among yourselves; for I tell you (that) from this time on I shall not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes."

Then he took the bread, said the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body, which will be given for you; do this in memory of me." And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which will be shed for you.

"And yet behold, the hand of the one who is to betray me is with me on the table; for the Son of Man indeed goes as it has been determined; but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed."

And they began to debate among themselves who among them would do such a deed. Then an argument broke out among them about which of them should be regarded as the greatest.

He said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them and those in authority over them are addressed as 'Benefactors'; but among you it shall not be so. Rather, let the greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as the servant.

For who is greater: the one seated at table or the one who serves? Is it not the one seated at table? I am among you as the one who serves.

It is you who have stood by me in my trials; and I confer a kingdom on you, just as my Father has conferred one on me, that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

"Simon, Simon, behold Satan has demanded to sift all of you like wheat, but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and once you have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers."

He said to him, "Lord, I am prepared to go to prison and to die with you." But he replied, "I tell you, Peter, before the cock crows this day, you will deny three times that you know me."

He said to them, "When I sent you forth without a money bag or a sack or sandals, were you in need of anything?" "No, nothing," they replied.

He said to them, "But now one who has a money bag should take it, and likewise a sack, and one who does not have a sword should sell his cloak and buy one.

For I tell you that this scripture must be fulfilled in me, namely, 'He was counted among the wicked'; and indeed what is written about me is coming to fulfillment."

Then they said, "Lord, look, there are two swords here." But he replied, "It is enough!"
Then going out he went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives, and the disciples followed him. When he arrived at the place he said to them, "Pray that you may not undergo the test."

After withdrawing about a stone's throw from them and kneeling, he prayed, saying, "Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me; still, not my will but yours be done." (And to strengthen him an angel from heaven appeared to him. He was in such agony and he prayed so fervently that his sweat became like drops of blood falling on the ground.)

When he rose from prayer and returned to his disciples, he found them sleeping from grief.

He said to them, "Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you may not undergo the test."

While he was still speaking, a crowd approached and in front was one of the Twelve, a man named Judas. He went up to Jesus to kiss him.

Jesus said to him, "Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?"

His disciples realized what was about to happen, and they asked, "Lord, shall we strike with a sword?" And one of them struck the high priest's servant and cut off his right ear. But Jesus said in reply, "Stop, no more of this!" Then he touched the servant's ear and healed him.

Jesus said to the chief priests and temple guards and elders who had come for him, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs?

Day after day I was with you in the temple area, and you did not seize me; but this is your hour, the time for the power of darkness."

After arresting him they led him away and took him into the house of the high priest; Peter was following at a distance.

They lit a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat around it, and Peter sat down with them.

When a maid saw him seated in the light, she looked intently at him and said, "This man too was with him."

But he denied it saying, "Woman, I do not know him."

A short while later someone else saw him and said, "You too are one of them"; but Peter answered, "My friend, I am not."

About an hour later, still another insisted, "Assuredly, this man too was with him, for he also is a Galilean." But Peter said, "My friend, I do not know what you are talking about." Just as he was saying this, the cock crowed, and the Lord turned and looked at Peter; 16 and Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, "Before the cock crows today, you will deny me three times."

He went out and began to weep bitterly.

The men who held Jesus in custody were ridiculing and beating him.

They blindfolded him and questioned him, saying, "Prophesy! Who is it that struck you?" And they reviled him in saying many other things against him.

When day came the council of elders of the people met, both chief priests and scribes, and they brought him before their Sanhedrin.

They said, "If you are the Messiah, tell us," but he replied to them, "If I tell you, you will not believe, and if I question, you will not respond.

But from this time on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God."

They all asked, "Are you then the Son of God?" He replied to them, "You say that I am."

Then they said, "What further need have we for testimony? We have heard it from his own mouth."

Then the whole assembly of them arose and brought him before Pilate.

They brought charges against him, saying, "We found this man misleading our people; he opposes the payment of taxes to Caesar and maintains that he is the Messiah, a king."

Pilate asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" He said to him in reply, "You say so."

Pilate then addressed the chief priests and the crowds, "I find this man not guilty."

But they were adamant and said, "He is inciting the people with his teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee where he began even to here."

On hearing this Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean; and upon learning that he was under Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod who was in Jerusalem at that time.

Herod was very glad to see Jesus; he had been wanting to see him for a long time, for he had heard about him and had been hoping to see him perform some sign.

He questioned him at length, but he gave him no answer.

The chief priests and scribes, meanwhile, stood by accusing him harshly. (Even) Herod and his soldiers treated him contemptuously and mocked him, and after clothing him in resplendent garb, he sent him back to Pilate.

Herod and Pilate became friends that very day, even though they had been enemies formerly.

Pilate then summoned the chief priests, the rulers, and the people and said to them, "You brought this man to me and accused him of inciting the people to revolt. I have conducted my investigation in your presence and have not found this man guilty of the charges you have brought against him, nor did Herod, for he sent him back to us. So no capital crime has been committed by him. Therefore, I shall have him flogged and then release him."  

But all together they shouted out, "Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us." (Now Barabbas had been imprisoned for a rebellion that had taken place in the city and for murder.)

Again Pilate addressed them, still wishing to release Jesus, but they continued their shouting, "Crucify him! Crucify him!"

Pilate addressed them a third time, "What evil has this man done? I found him guilty of no capital crime. Therefore I shall have him flogged and then release him."

With loud shouts, however, they persisted in calling for his crucifixion, and their voices prevailed.

The verdict of Pilate was that their demand should be granted.

So he released the man who had been imprisoned for rebellion and murder, for whom they asked, and he handed Jesus over to them to deal with as they wished.

As they led him away they took hold of a certain Simon, a Cyrenian, who was coming in from the country; and after laying the cross on him, they made him carry it behind Jesus.

A large crowd of people followed Jesus, including many women who mourned and lamented him.
Jesus turned to them and said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep instead for yourselves and for your children, for indeed, the days are coming when people will say, 'Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed.'

At that time people will say to the mountains, 'Fall upon us!' and to the hills, 'Cover us!' for if these things are done when the wood is green what will happen when it is dry?"

Now two others, both criminals, were led away with him to be executed.

When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified him and the criminals there, one on his right, the other on his left.

[Then Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, they know not what they do."] They divided his garments by casting lots.

The people stood by and watched; the rulers, meanwhile, sneered at him and said, "He saved others, let him save himself if he is the chosen one, the Messiah of God."

Even the soldiers jeered at him. As they approached to offer him wine they called out, "If you are King of the Jews, save yourself."

Above him there was an inscription that read, "This is the King of the Jews."

Now one of the criminals hanging there reviled Jesus, saying, "Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us."

The other, however, rebuking him, said in reply, "Have you no fear of God, for you are subject to the same condemnation? And indeed, we have been condemned justly, for the sentence we received corresponds to our crimes, but this man has done nothing criminal."

Then he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom."

He replied to him, "Amen, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise."

It was now about noon and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon because of an eclipse of the sun. Then the veil of the temple was torn down the middle.

Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Father, into your hands I commend my spirit"; and when he had said this he breathed his last.

The centurion who witnessed what had happened glorified God and said, "This man was innocent beyond doubt."

When all the people who had gathered for this spectacle saw what had happened, they returned home beating their breasts; but all his acquaintances stood at a distance, including the women who had followed him from Galilee and saw these events.

Now there was a virtuous and righteous man named Joseph who, though he was a member of the council, had not consented to their plan of action. He came from the Jewish town of Arimathea and was awaiting the kingdom of God.

He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.

After he had taken the body down, he wrapped it in a linen cloth and laid him in a rock-hewn tomb in which no one had yet been buried.

It was the day of preparation, and the sabbath was about to begin.

The women who had come from Galilee with him followed behind, and when they had seen the tomb and the way in which his body was laid in it, they returned and prepared spices and perfumed oils. 

Then they rested on the sabbath according to the commandment. (NABRE)

True Leadership

The reading for today is long, far too long for me to treat in a single homily. I promise to expand on it over the course of my years.

For today I will boil down the essence of the Gospel reading, and the meaning of the day to the following two lines from Luke.

“He said to them, ‘The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them and those in authority over them are addressed as “Benefactors”; but among you it shall not be so. Rather, let the greatest among you be as the youngest, and the leader as the servant’” (Luke 22:25-26).

This is the reading for Palm Sunday. Palm Sunday marks the end of Lent and the beginning of Holy week; culminating in Easter, the crucifixion of Jesus and the crowning of the King.

Palm Sunday is the day on which the crowing of Jesus was anticipated by the people of Jerusalem. They come out of the city to greet him as the deliverer and savior, lining the road to the city with palm fronds as if he was at the head of a victorious army, having freed the people from vassalage to some dark power.

That is the historic significance of the day, but instead of going to the temple, or the palace to feast with his generals, he goes to a small room on the upper floor of a common house, to celebrate the Passover and share a last meal with his closest friends and followers.

Jesus then draws the clearest distinction between himself, a king (of a type), and the other kings in the world.

Jesus is not willing to rule as an authoritarian, he will be a “lord” to the people, he will not even accept the title of benefactor, because the role of leader is not to rule but to govern, not to decree, but to manage not to order but to inspire the people to free themselves and share the blessings of their freedom with others.

This is the way of heaven. The society of God, creator of the universe, if not a kingdom, but a garden in which all of its citizens work and share in the abundance equally.

Jesus speaks directly to this point with his followers, knowing what is about to happen to him, wishing that his trial will free them from the same fate, and he orders them in no uncertain terms to remember this teaching, because it is meant to be the foundation of the church that will form after his passing.

Let us not dwell on the question of whether the church got right, by and large it has failed miserably, but this record of Jesus’ teaching has remained. In every generation since that time it has inspired some, a minority, to do the right thing.


Palm Sunday – Holy Week